Robotization of the welding process, as is the case with all types of work requiring, above all, manual skills and repetitive activities, brings with it a significant increase in both the precision and efficiency of these processes. Dedicated, robotic welding stations are able to perform the welding process without the physical participation of the employee.
The welding robot itself, performing welds with a precision much higher than human workers – and much more efficiently than in the case of manual welding – will be assisted by multi-axis platforms that allow for easy positioning of the welded material in the desired orientation, cleaning stations removing blast-chipping material or mechanisms automatically feeding the wire to the robot, eliminating the need for its frequent replacement.
What’s more, the safety of such a process is incomparably greater than in the case of manual welding – the robots themselves not only have anti-collision sensors to protect against collisions in the event of incorrectly entered trajectory parameters, but also appropriate sensors, curtains, buttons and signal lamps to make sure that the process it will have a much lower chance of an accident than manual welding. This will not only minimize the risk of electric arc burns, but also reduce the health costs associated with the deterioration of eyesight resulting from manual welding.
Almost all welding methods are easily accomplished with welding robots. Both the MAG, MIG and TIG methods are easily supported by robotic welding stations, additionally eliminating the relatively high threshold of manual skills that are necessary in the case of manual welding using these methods.
Therefore, the answer to the question posed: whether welding robots can replace manual welders, should be answered in the affirmative. However, this does not mean that welding knowledge will become useless – the way it is used will change. Adapting the welding process parameters to the task at hand will still be the task of a skilled flesh-and-blood worker. What’s more, there will also be a need to monitor robotic welding – people who have the competence to look after many screens monitoring the parameters of the welding process, respond to warnings and errors, perform a tabular analysis of documentation presenting the average values of the parameters of relevant processes, and support the export and presentation of these data. count on these skills to become more and more in demand. Therefore, the benefits of robotization of the welding process apply to both entrepreneurs and employees.